'You've got to find what you love,'
Tặng các bạn này, một bài viết khá xúc động. Nếu ai đó chỉ nhìn mà liếc qua, hãy nhìn vào tên tác giả. Đó là người đã tạo dựng nên Apple Computer, rồi bị sa thải khỏi chính công ty của mình, rồi lại được mời trở lại để đưa Apple lên tầm cao mới...
'You've got to find what you love,' Jobs says
This is the text of the Commencement address by Steve Jobs, CEO of Apple Computer and of Pixar Animation Studios, delivered on June 12, 2005.
I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth be told, this is the closest I've ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That's it. No big deal. Just three stories.
The first story is about connecting the dots.
I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out?
It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: "We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?" They said: "Of course." My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college.
And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents' savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn't see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn't interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.
It wasn't all romantic. I didn't have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends' rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5¢ deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one example:
Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn't have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can't capture, and I found it fascinating.
None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, its likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backwards ten years later.
Again, you can't connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something - your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.
My second story is about love and loss.
I was lucky I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our finest creation - the Macintosh - a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.
I really didn't know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down - that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.
I didn't see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.
During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I retuned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple's current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.
I'm pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn't been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don't lose faith. I'm convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You've got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven't found it yet, keep looking. Don't settle. As with all matters of the heart, you'll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don't settle.
My third story is about death.
When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: "If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you'll most certainly be right." It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: "If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?" And whenever the answer has been "No" for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.
Remembering that I'll be dead soon is the most important tool I've ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure - these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.
About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn't even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor's code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you'd have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.
I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I'm fine now.
This was the closest I've been to facing death, and I hope its the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:
No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don't want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life's change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.
Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life. Don't be trapped by dogma - which is living with the results of other people's thinking. Don't let the noise of other's opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.
When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960's, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.
Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: "Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish." It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.
Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.
Thank you all very much.
Nguyễn Thị Hồng
Steve Jobs, CEO of Apple Computer and of Pixar Animation Studios, delivered on June 12, 2005.
You have to trust in something - your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.
Đây là bài viết trích trong What I Know For Sure của Oprah Winfrey, nữ hòang truyền thông của Hoa Kỳ và thế giới, người vừa được tạp chí Forbes bình chọn là Doanh nhân quyền lực nhất năm 2005 (http://www.forbes.com/lists/2005/53/O0ZT.html).
Với thu nhập 225 triệu đô một năm từ chương trình truyền hình The Oprah Winfrey Show (bắt đầu năm 1985) phát sóng hàng ngày tới hàng chục triệu người xem trên hàng chục quốc gia, cùng với tờ nguyệt san Oprah (bắt đầu năm 2000) và CLB Oprahs Book Club, từ một cô bé da đen nghèo khổ Oprah đã trở thành một trong những người mang lại ảnh hưởng lớn nhất trong thế kỷ 20 bên cạnh Bill Gates, Martin Luther King, JFK. Năm nay bà vừa bước sang tuổi 50. Với cái đà này, dễ chừng Oprah cũng sẽ nằm trong danh sách Top Powerful People của thế kỷ 21!
Bạn Long Vũ của chúng ta cũng đã từng e lệ nhắc đến tên bà khi trả lời phỏng vấn vnexpress.
Several years ago, I learned a valuable lesson that changed the way I saw myself. One evening while having dinner at the Malibu home of TV producer Suzanne de Passe, I began complaining about something I had agreed to do but that I no longer thought was the best decision for me. In the name of keeping my word, though, I felt I had to trudge through it. Suzane looked at me and said something that honestly that no one had ever told me: Girl, you know you have the right to change your mind.
I went silent. As the words reverberated through me, I slowly said the phrase to myself over and over, trying to embrace what it would feel like to actually accept that principle as part of my conscious living. While the idea sunk in, I repeated it aloud to Suzanne: I have the right to change my mind. She said, Who else would? Its your mind.
Before then, I hadnt thought of changing my mind as even possible. What about honor, commitment, staying the course? I had always believed that going back on a promise was something only careless, flaky people did. Yet as strict as I had always been about keeping my word, I often gave it irresponsibly. Trying to be the nice girl, I agreed to do things I later regretted. And because I was saying yes when I really mean no, Id end up cheating both myself and the other person involved. Its an irrefutable law of the universe: You always get exactly what you intend-and my intention was to be seen by others as the dependable one, even if that came at a high expense to me personally.
What I know for sure is that you have the right to choose what is best for yourself now-not four years or even yesterday. And changing your mind does not mean acting irresponsibly; its just the opposite. When you honor what you know your spirit is telling you to do, you are making the most conscientious decision, one for which you are willing to accept all the consequences. You understand that when you know better, you ought to do better- and doing better sometimes means changing your mind; and you realize that letting go of what others think you should do is the only way to reach your full potential.
A business student of mine once challenged me on this concept. I am passionate about cooking, she explained, but my parents have spent nearly $100,000 on my education. For me to now announce that I want to cook
. How can I change my mind? I said, Is $100,000 worth a life not fulfilled? How much of your life will you have to consume before you can please you?
Everyday, passion speaks to us through our feelings. Thats why when you allow yourself to become anesthetized by what others think, you literally block yourself from living the life you were called to live. I promise you that if you make a choice that doesnt please your mate, friends, or [I]whoever, the world will not fall apart-the people who truly love you want you to love yourself. And as you become clearer about who you really are, youll be better able to decide what is best for you-the first time around.
Oprah Winfrey (Nguyệt san Oprah, June 2001)
Em rất thích đọc những bài hay và ngắn kiểu này. Mong các bác post và giới thiệu thêm. Thanks alot.
Brian Dyson, CEO of Coca Cola Enterprises from 1959-1994
Speaking at Georgia Tech's 172nd commencement address in September 1996
Life seen as Five Balls
Imagine life as a game in which you are juggling five balls in the air. You name them: Work, Family, Health, Friends and Spirit and you're keeping all of these in the air!
You will soon understand that work is a rubber ball. If you drop it, it will bounce back. But the other four balls: Family, Health, Friends and Spirit are made of glass. If you drop one of these, they will be irrevocably scuffed, marked, nicked, damaged or even shattered. They will never be the same.
You must understand that and strive for balance in your life. How?
Don't undermine your worth by comparing yourself with others. It is because we are different that each of us is special.
Don't set your goals by what other people deem important; Only you know what is best for you.
Don't take for granted the things closest to your heart. Cling to them as if they were your life, for without them, life is meaningless.
Don't let your life slip through your fingers by living in the past or for the future; By living your life one day at a time you live ALL the days of your life.
Don't give up when you still have something to give. Nothing is really over until the moment you stop trying.
Don't be afraid to admit that you are less than perfect. It is this fragile thread that binds us to each other.
Don't be afraid to encounter risks; It is by taking chances that we learn how to be brave.
Don't shut love out of your life by saying it's impossible to find. The quickest way to receive love is to give; the fastest way to lose love is to hold it too tightly, and the best way to keep love is to give it wings.
Don't run through life so fast that you forget not only where you've been, but also where you are going.
Don't forget a person's greatest emotional need is to feel appreciated.
Don't be afraid to learn. Knowledge is weightless, a treasure you can always carry easily.
Don't use time or words carelessly. Neither can be retrieved.
Life is not a race, but a journey to be savoured each step of the way.
Yesterday is History, Tomorrow is a Mystery and Today is a Gift. That is why we call it The Present.
PhD, the first step in your science careers!
Share w/ U, aslo.org/phd/advice.pdf
You are never a loser until you quit trying
What trait has the power to change an ordinary person into an extraordinary one? Its perseverance, also known as persistence, steadfastness, patience, or tenacity. Its the ability to hold on to your dream like a pit bull, refusing to let go, regardless of the obstacles. Perseverance is one of the secrets of success. After all, if you keep moving toward your goal, never quitting, you will eventually reach it. Its a simple, but crucial, idea. Arthur Pine expressed it well when he said, Your biggest break can come from never quitting. Being at the right place at the right time can only happen when you keep moving toward the next opportunity. No one believed in this principle more than Sir Winston Churchill, who delivered this nine-word commencement address: Never give up! Never give up! Never give up!
Perseverance is necessary because anything worthwhile is difficult to do. So, we have to expect roadblocks. When you come to one, smash through it; go around it; burrow under it; jump over it; take a detour; do anything as long as you continue toward your goal. Pretend youre the Energizer Bunny and just keep going.
However, dont confuse perseverance with obstinacy. That is, dont keep banging your head against a brick wall until you smash your skull. You have to temper persistence with common sense. If you cant pass a roadblock after a reasonable number of tries, its time to find another route. Theres more than one way to reach your goal. The trouble with some people is that during trying times, they stop trying. But why should we ever stop? Isnt it true that stopping at third base adds no more to the score than striking out? Ask yourself, do we stop trying because we fail, or do we fail because we stop trying?
We have the power to persevere. Its just a matter of making up our minds to do so. It may be helpful to remember that people dont succeed because they are destined to; they succeed because they are determined to. When you come to bumps in the road and feel doubtful, say to yourself, Cowards despair, but I persevere!
Study the lives of others for inspiration. When the great, contemporary instrumentalist and composer, Yanni, chased his dream, he didnt let his inability to read music stop him. He still cant read, but by persevering, he put together concerts that remain unmatched in grandeur. It took two years of preparation for his 1993 live performance at the Acropolis, in Greece, which was viewed by over half a billion TV viewers, resulted in sales of seven million albums, and became the third best-selling music video of all time. The obstacles he had to overcome for his 1997 Taj Mahal and Shanghai concerts were even more daunting, but they brought this world-renowned artist even greater success.
Another musical artist that cant read music is Andrea Bocelli. But he cant read for a good reason hes blind. Born with impaired vision, he completely lost his sight at age twelve in a soccer accident. Blind or not, Andrea went to the university and persevered, receiving a doctorate of law degree, and practiced law for a short time. However, he decided to follow his dream and become an opera singer. While singing in piano bars, he studied under Franco Corelli, a legendary tenor. Today, some call Andrea the fourth tenor, but there is no doubt he will surpass Luciano Pavarotti in fame. Although he has sold over ten million CDs, he is still fairly unknown in North America, so he has enormous potential. He is determined to let nothing stop him from doing what he loves. Mounted on one of his Arabian stallions, he gallops along the beaches and countryside of his native Tuscany, Italy. He even goes skiing on the slopes of the Italian Alps with his Olympian friend, Alberto Tomba.
What did Yanni and Andrea Bocelli do to succeed? Persevere! And we can do the same by remembering the words of Edgar A. Guest's poem:
When things go wrong, as they sometimes will,
When the road youre trudging seems all up hill,
When the funds are low and the debts are high,
And you want to smile, but you have to sigh,
When care is pressing you down a bit,
Rest, if you must--but dont you quit.
Life is queer with its twists and turns,
As every one of us sometimes learns,
And many a failure turns about
When he might have won had he stuck it out;
Dont give up, though the pace seems slow
You might succeed with another blow.
Often the goal is nearer than
It seems to a faint and faltering man
Often the struggler has given up
When he might have captured the victors cup.
And he learned too late, when the night slipped down,
How close he was to the golden crown.
Success is failure turned inside out
The silver tints of the clouds of doubt
And you never can tell how close you are,
It may be near when it seems afar
So stick to the fight when youre hardest hit
Its when things seem worst that you mustnt quit.
© Chuck Gallozzi
A Leadership Perspective
Gen Duane H. Cassidy
As the Air Force prepares for the complex challenges of the twenty-first century, our success depends on the strength of our leadership. There is absolutely no substitute for leadership in our business and therefore the development of future leaders is a vital task. My 34 years of service have convinced me that there are no experts on the subject of leadership, but I have observed several characteristics that seem to be common to successful leaders. Those characteristics are integrity, selflessness and energy-let me share my thoughts on them with you.
The bedrock of successful leadership has always been integrity-both in the personal and the professional sides of life. Former Air Force Chief of Staff Gen David C. Jones said,
Integrity is certainly not a unique military attribute, but stakes are higher in our business than in almost any other. We must be right, we must be competent. we must admit our mistakes and correct them when they do occur, and above all we must never permit either the fact or image of duplicity to taint our honor. The watchword must be, as always, the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth.
The reason this is true is that Air Force leaders must accomplish their missions through Air Force people-and our people excel when they trust their leaders. That trust is a fragile commodity and is built upon the confidence that the leader is acting in the best interest of the followers -- that he or she will serve the group without sacrificing the rights of the individual. Therefore, a leader must not only set high standards, but must, by commitment and example, live up to the same standards. If you set the right example, you won't need to worry about the rules, or as former Army Chief of Staff Gen W. C. Westmoreland stated, "Inevitably, in the turmoil of times, every soldier will be confronted by situations which test his character. On these occasions, he must stand on his principles; for these are the crucial episodes that determine the worth of a man."
In addition to integrity, leaders must be selfless. Simply stated, this means putting your own personal desires second to a higher cause or to other people. We must be selfless because we are in a life and death business -- our success guarantees freedom for all Americans -- our failure is unconscionable. Selflessness creates the group atmosphere, the team spirit we need to make a military organization capable of limitless activity-rather than one that waits for someone else to get the job done.
Leaders must realize that there are other things more important than their own comfort, their own self-aggrandizement or their own self-satisfaction. Those things are not important, but rather the importance lies with the people and the mission -- leading others to incredible heights or watching them accomplish a difficult mission through teamwork. Granted, the idea of selflessness is not particularly new-nor is it complex-it's just the opposite of selfishness. Selfless leaders think about how to make the unit, the Air Force, or the country a better place. They put their effort into the larger problems -- doing things for other people -- showing others more concern than for their own careers.
Truthfully, I have found that this selflessness -- this concern for other people -- consumes much of your time. You can spend a lot of time sitting and listening to someone else's problems, and that is time that will be taken away from your own personal life. But, that sacrifice can also be a great investment and bring rich dividends. Actually, everything you are, you owe to the Air Force anyway, so it is okay to give some of that back.
Selflessness also means you're not so egocentric that you're unwilling to ask for help. My point here is that you can get help from places you just don't realize. One of the most important lessons I learned in my life did not come from the leadership courses I took, nor from all of the four-star generals I worked for, but it came from a chief master sergeant at McChord, the first sergeant of the squadron I commanded as a lieutenant colonel. I had been in command for a short time and had been trying to learn all the names, attending all the parties, and trying to get to know "my" squadron. One day he walked into my office, shut the door behind him, cleared his throat and said simply, "This squadron needs a commander, not a buddy" and then quietly left. That experience showed me that you learn about leadership from everybody, and all the time. From your peers, from the NCOS, from your boss, and you'll continue to learn all the time. Sometimes that involves listening, not talking, like when your boss calls to talk. Through the years I have observed lots of people who have passed up perfectly good opportunities to keep their mouths shut.
Another trademark of successful leaders is energy. Leadership is hard work! Motivating others, developing plans and executing them, focusing resources and taking care of your people takes a significant level of effort. Examples that come immediately to mind are all leaders who exhibited unbounded amounts of energy. They had an ability to keep going -- to do more than everyone else. People like Curtis LeMay, Grace Hopper, Charlie Gabriel, Larry Welch, and Bob Hope. Every successful person has been able to produce at the right time. These leaders are not workaholics; in fact, some are a little lazy. But they know how to get the most out of themselves at the right time. It's a matter of time management. It's a matter of energy management. Successful leaders don't keep pushing themselves at maximum velocity-they save themselves for the big pushes. It is also important to use your energy for your own job. There will always be plenty of work to do. When you move up to a higher position, quit doing what you did before -- if you are doing someone else's job, who will do yours?
Finally, the leaders of tomorrow's Air Force must remember the difference between leadership and the mirror image that we have named management. British Field Marshal Lord Slim penned the following words on the realities of that difference. He said,
There is a difference between leadership and management. The leader and the men who follow him represent one of the oldest, most natural, and most effective of all human relationships. The manager and those he manages are a later product with neither so romantic nor so inspiring a history. Leadership is of the spirit, compounded of personality and vision. Its practice is an art. Management is of the mind, more a matter of accurate calculations, statistics, methods, timetables, and routine. Its practice is a science. Managers are necessary, Leaders are essential.
All I have observed throughout my career affirms those words -- "Managers are necessary; Leaders are essential." Management is cold and calculating, but leadership goes much deeper -- it comes from your heart.